Skip to main content

Haptotherapy and science

08 October 2017 | Research 2017 |

Kemper H. C. G.
Keywords| good research designs| Haptotherapy| IJHH| science| valid measurement methods


Haptotherapy is a relatively new therapy with little sound scientific research to substantiate its effectiveness on health and well being of the clients. Unbiased and well-controlled research is sorely needed. In this article, a few research-related topics will be discussed with regard to haptotherapeutic treatment. The five topics to be discussed, include, measurement methods, research designs, quality assessment of haptotherapeutic research, (mis-)use of statistical analysis and meta-analysis.

Measurements used to evaluate health effects from haptotherapy must be reproducible and objective. These are prerequisites for reliable measurements. But the most important condition is that the measurement is valid, i.e. it measures what it is meant to measure.

Several research designs are available to investigate the effects of haptotherapy. Quasiexperimental designs can be used if randomization is not possible as is the case in most field experiments. The most adequate experimental design is the Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) with randomized intervention and control groups. Thus far, only one RCT has been conducted in the near past (Van den Berg et al, 2006).

In the final two sections, the use of correlations and the advantages of meta-analysis are discussed.

  1. Ackerman, H. (2005). De invloed van haptotherapie op de copingstijl van werknemers met nek- en schouderklachten. Open Universiteit Nederland, Faculteit Psychologie, Heerlen.
  2. Berg, M., Visser, A., Schoolmeesters, A., Edelman, P., & Borne, P. (2006). Evaluation of haptotherapy for patients with cancer treated with chemotherapy at a day clinic. (PubMed, Ed.) Patient Education and Counseling , 60, 336-343.
  3. BIG. (2015). Wet op Beroepen In de Gezondheidszorg. The Hague: Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport.
  4. Bosscher, R., Leeuwen, A., & Pluimers, C. (2013). The clinical effectiveness of haptotherapy in routine practices. International Journal of Haptonomy & Haptotherapy.
  5. Campbell, D., & Stanley, J. (1967). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research.vChicago: Rand McNally and Company.
  6. Cook, T., & Campbell, D. (1979). Quasi-experimental, design and analysis issues for field settings. Chicago: Rand McNally Publishing Company.
  7. Cooper, H., Hedges, L., & Valentin, J. (1996). The handbook of research synthesis and meta-analysis. New York: Russel Sage Foudation.
  8. Frangh, A. (2009). Definiëring en empirische toetsing van eigenheid van haptotherapie als lichaamsgerichte therapievorm. Leuven: Master thesis; Katholieke Universiteit.
  9. Hof, A., Voorst, P., & Zoelen-Nederlof, M. (1997). Denken over voelen, een onderzoek naar de kenmerken van de cliëntenpopulatie van de Vereniging Van Haptotherapeuten (VVH) en de betekenis van haptotherapie voor deze cliënten. Wetenschapswinkel, Sociale Wetenschappen. Universiteit Utrecht.
  10. Kemper, H. (2012). Fitte kinderen, sportieve tieners. Over de invloed van bewegen op de gezondheid van jongeren. Amsterdam: Elsevier Gezondheidszorg.
  11. Klabbers, G., Wijma, K., Paarlberg , M., Emons, W., & Vingerhoets, A. (2014). Treatment of severe fear of childbirth with haptotherapy: design of a multicenter randomized controlled trial. The offical journal of the International Society for Complementary Medicine Research (ISCMR) , 14: (385)
  12. Luttervelt, M. van (1998). Bevestigend aanraken. Master thesis, Erasmus Universiteit, Rotterdam.
  13. Montoye, H., Kemper, H., Saris, W., & Washburn, R. (1996). Measuring physical activity and energy expenditure. Human Kinetics. Champaign (IL): Human Kinetics.
  14. Rowland, T. (1990). Exercise and Children’s Health. Champaign (IL): Human Kinetics Books.
  15. Sackett, D., Rosenberg, J., Gray, J., Haynes, R., & Richardson, W. (1996). Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it is not. British Medical Journal, 1996; 312 (7023): 71-72.
  16. Wolff, I., Croonenburg, J., Kemper, H.C.G., Kostense, P., & Twisk, J. (1999). The effect of exercise training programs on bone mass: a meta-analysis of publisched controlled trials in pre- and postmenopausal women. Osteoporosis International 9 (1): 1-12.

Volume 5

No. 1
  • Publication date:
    October 8, 2017
  • Volume:
  • No.:
  • Page:
How to cite (apa)
Kemper, H. C. (2017). Haptotherapy and science. In International Journal of Haptonomy and Haptotherapy (Vol. 5, Issue 1, pp. 1-17).
Related Articles